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Gadar Movement or Ghadar Movement


Lankershim Gurudwara Celebrates 100 Years of Gadar Movement

Los Angeles, CA
NRIpress-Club-Scal: VP Photos and Video R. Srinivasan/Gary Singh/ Ramesh/   

:Gadar movement in the United States was a movement to free India from the British rule.  Lankershim Sikh Gurudwara of North Hollywood at Lankershim Blvd, organized a commemoration to celebrate the 100th anniversary of this movement in collaboration with several Sikh Gurudwaras in Southern California on Sunday, September 29, 2013.

Mr. Gurubachan Singh Bains was the Master of Ceremony, who moderated the program, which started at 12:00 noon, and ended exactly after 105 minutes as planned at 1:45 PM.

The prominent researchers and speakers of the Centenary Commemoration spoke in Punjabi, Hindi, and English and paid vivid tribute to the heroes of the Gadar movement.

R. Srinivasan,NRIpress; Charanjit Batth-Fresno;Kanwaljit Singh; Pashaura Singh; Gurcharan S. Bains, Karamjit S. Kang and Gian S. Bilga

Mr. Gian Singh Bilga of Bakersfield spoke on the history of Gadar Movement and the sacrifices made by the Gadarites. He said, “The Gadarites left their secured means of livelihood in America and Canada and went to India to liberate their motherland.  Forty-six Gadarites were hanged until death, sixty-nine were imprisoned for life and several were sentenced for varying terms of imprisonment. They are our heroes, deserving our admiration and deepest respect.”

Mr. Pashaura Singh of Fresno talked about Sohan Singh Bhakna who was the president of the Hindustani Association of the Pacific Coast which has become known as the Gadar Party after the name of their weekly journal Gadar. 

Messers. Channpal Singh, Jaswant Singh Dhillon, and Jagdish Kangura/Pritam Singh talked about the life and sacrifices of Lala Har Dayal, Secretary General, Kartar Singh Sarabha, Editor of Gadar Magazine in Punjabi and Kartar Singh Dukki respectively. Mr. Pritam Singh pointed out that Kartar Singh Dukki was in charge of the Gadar press where 5000 copies of Gadar magazine were printed every week for free distribution all over the world.

Dr.  Jasbir Singh Mann spoke about the roles of which Gurdwaras and Sikh priests played in mobilizing the overseas Indian community against the British rule in India. Mr. Karamjit Singh Kang spoke about the hardships suffered by Gadarites while imprisoned in Andaman and other Jails.

Ms. Helen Singh talked about the Gadar Memorial Hall which was the headquarters of the Gadar Movement. The building was purchased by the Gadarites in 1913 and was handed over to the Indian Consulate after India got independence. This hell is being renovated by the Consulate General of India, according to Mr. Parthasarathi, the Consul General of India, in San Francisco.

Inder Singh spoke about paying tribute to Gadarites for their sacrifices for the sake of freedom for India. He said, “We can forget and ignore what our pioneering generation has done and passed on to us or remember and express our gratitude.”  He reminded, “Every year, Americans pay tribute to their martyrs. The last Monday of May is observed as Memorial Day – to honor those who gave their all in service to their country. Gadarites also gave their all to free their motherland. But there is no Memorial Day for them.” He appealed that the community leaders should organize tribute events to perpetuate the memory of the brave Indian Americans who laid down their lives in pursuit of freedom for India. It will be a great service to educate our community of our Indian American history, of our Indian American heritage, of passing on the legacy of the pioneers to the next generation. 

Mr. Paushaura Singh read the poem on the Gadar movement. Mr. Kanwaljit Singh wrapped up the program by a Kirtan.

Portraits of Gadar heroes which were displayed at the entrance hall of the Gurdwara, attracted streams of people.  They are displayed elsewhere along with this article.

Mr. Gurcharan S. Bains moderated the event while Mr. Kanwaljit Singh highlighted what the various speakers said in their speeches. All the speakers were given Siropas (Towels –orange-saffron color) by the Gurdwara management. 

The seminar/commemoration was followed by Langar (meals) served by many volunteers, and men and women participated in the preparation and serving of food. 

The organizers, some of the sponsors, and the speakers had an informal meeting after the lunch, where steps taken so far to include the Gadar movement in the California History Standards for K12 curriculum was discussed. Mr. Charanjit Singh Batth the largest farm owner (18000 acres in Caruthers, CA) of Indian origin from the San Joaquin Valley (near Stockton, Central CA)  area, offered to provide funds for this cause, if needed.  Mr. Gary Singh (Grewal) of NRIPress and introduced Mr. Raj Srinivasan, the writer of this report, also an educator. He suggested some ways of getting the information in, not only in the History curriculum, but also in the English curriculum, by approaching the State Board of Education again, and the State Curriculum Committees.  He also recommended approaching the text book publishers in this regard.


DR Jasbir Singh Mann Presentation Lankershim Guru dwara September 29th 2013 “Reevaluating the Origin and Inspiration and Role of Temple Priests in Sikh Gadar 1907-1918”

Priests in sikh temples 1907-1918 IN NORTH AMERICAplayed very important role in  Preaching  SOCIALIST doctrines, of siksism on  equality, freedom AND FIGHT against INJUSTICE IN WORLD for all  starting  WITH naam japo,wand chako,kirat karo and REMINDING THE SIKH HISTORY AND THEIR heritage how they uprooted mughals from north India in 18th century. Therefore, has to do the same with british  controlling india  at that time.

In two world wars, a total of 169,700 Indians died out of which 83,005 were turbaned Sikhs. The growing sense of their public humiliation, nagging immigration restrictions, and their ultimate exclusion compelled them to re-imagine their status in light of the Queen’s proclamation of 1958. They realized that the British were taking advantage of their military and other services, and promising better treatment as a ploy to cheat them. They stood up for the same treatment which was given to other citizens. The feeling of being abandoned made them rebel against the unjust British Raj and initiation of constitutional efforts and   planning for armed struggle. The revolution was started in India by Sikh peasants and Sikh military persons on extreme dissatisfaction against the new Colonization Act and the Doab Bari Act (1906-1907). In North America, Sikhs affirmed their fight by all means and avowed to stay back by building Gurudwaras in 1908 in Vancouver and 1912 in Stockton, Victoria, and Abbottsford as the center of their religious, social and political activities. From 1907-1914, they made democratic appeals. Professor Teja Singh,  Sunder Singh, and others in Canada and Dr. Bishen Singh, Dr. Bose, and Tishi Butia in USA. Sent  deputations to England and India. But all constitutional means failed.

Finally, in 1914, with funding help from Germans,  who were looking to start a colonial and world war against their British enemy with an eye on India’s industrial and mineral wealth. The position of Indians and Sikhs became critical. Sikhs returned to India to start an armed fight but received no money or any arms or any institutional help as promised by leaders. Their leaders themselves later surrendered to the British and abandoned their compatriots who were hanged, sent to rigorous imprisonment for life, and lost their earned and ancestral property. Evidence shows, Indian pioneers (majority Sikhs) fought peaceful constitutional means, formed many Hindustani societies, and made armed rebellion and explosive plans from 1907-1914 on the West Coast. Six newspapers supporting Indian freedom were in circulation prior to November 1913. Twenty Nine Sikh religious preachers (also known as Granthis) and 25 Gurudwaras around the globe including in India and Punjab participated in this movement. No Vedanta center participated in this movement although New York, Chicago and San Francisco centers existed at that time.  History being created by authors like HK Puri based on secondary sources is misleading.

The evidence shows that Gadar Movement between 1907-1918  on the west coast of north America was a Primarily inspired by  Sikh thought.  Scholars must take into consideration the concept of Sikh Martyrdom along with colonial and pre-colonial Sikh History. Based on above evidence , it is affirmed that this movement characterized by British as War against King/Sikh Ghadr ,  in fact was an International War against politically awakened Sikhs and their sympathizers 1907-1918. It was the first declared Indian freedom war fought by majority international Sikhs also known Sikh Gadarites (Gadri Babey).  Please note my study is referring to Sikh Inspiration influence on this Indian freedom Movement. It was not a religious movement. Communist influence in this movement is a late phenomenon,  after 1922-1927 as is clearly supported by own writings of Sohan Singh josh and Rattan Singh Ajnala. From 1905- 1913 in Europe Shyamaji Krishna Varma,s Arya Smaj thought,  Veer Savarkar,s Abhinava Bharat thought and Bhikaiji Cama & Sardar Singh Rana, s Social Democratic thought could not produce any international  mass movement in Europe.  . Evidence shows that the teachings of Sikh Gurus strongly motivated the consciousness of these Gadarites in the west coast of North America along with racial discrimination in employment, finance, civic matters,  a sense of  public humiliation, nagging immigration restrictions and their ultimate exclusion, which compelled them to re-imagine their status in light of the Queen’s proclamation of 1858. The correct  history of  Ghadris/Sikh Pioneers must be recorded and saved for the  coming generation Sikhs in north America who if they read the right books will know about the true contributions of Sikh pioneers from North America for Indian war of independence. 



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